According to UNICEF, the prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in Sudan is 88 % and performed by health care professionals (nurses, midwife, other health workers) more often than by traditional practitioners.
Terre des Femmes notes that FGM/C prevalence varies according to the region, with a prevalence of 99,4 % in the north and a prevalence of 68,4 % in Western Darfur. Most girls are cut between the age of 5 and 9, usually between April and July, during school holidays. Solely the Beja ethnic group in eastern Sudan performs the procedure on babies. Girls who are not cut during childhood will have to undergo the procedure as adults before marriage, as this is seen as a prerequisite for becoming a wife. Other reasons for practising FGM/C include the belief that it is a religious duty and that the pan cleanses a woman’s body and soul, as well as myths about a woman’s unharmed genitals endangering her husband’s virility, the life of her child, the harvest and her own health.
According to a 2015 report by Waging Peace, 90% of girls in Northern Sudan undergo infibulation and that women in a girl’s extended family play a role in deciding whether the girl will be subjected to the practice.
FGM/C Country of Origin Experts for Sudan
Dr Noon Altijani
Noon Altijani Is a sudanese physician with an interest in healthcare delivery and systems, namely, in lower and middle income countries. She completed her MSc in global health sciences and is currently pursuing her Dphil on population health, both at the University of Oxford. She has quantitative and qualitative research experience in the areas of FGM, maternal health and child health in Sudan. In addition, she presented her work on FGM to the UK parliament, in academic settings and national/international forums.
Dr Rogaia Mustafa Abusharaf
Rogaia Mustafa Abusharaf is an Associate Professor of Anthropology at Georgetown University and author of Female Circumcision: Multicultural Perspectives (Ed.) (University of Pennsylvania Press 2006); and Transforming Displaced Women in Sudan: Politics and the Body in a Squatter Settlement (U. of Chicago Press 2009). She has conducted research in Sudan with activists working to end FGM/C.
Dr Nafisa M Bedri
Dr Nafisa M. Bedri is Associate Professor in Women and Reproductive Health at Ahfad University for Women in Sudan. She has extensive experience in managing programmes and chairing of academic committees. A researcher and trainer in the field of gender, reproductive health, management, advocacy and policy analysis skills and has written and developed several publications and training materials in these fields. She carried out several researches at national and international level in the area of gender and women‘s health for different agencies including the WHO, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNAIDS and others. She is an activist in the area of women’s reproductive and sexual rights, maternal health, violence against women, FGM/C and HIV/AIDS.
We have no Anti-FGM/C Organisations in Sudan, but would welcome suggestions. Please contact us.