According to UNICEF, the prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in Djibouti is 93%. 62% girls, undergoing the procedure, had FGM/C performed between the age of 5 and 9. 1 out of 5 girls and women in Djibouti have undergone infibulation, the most severe form of FGM. However, this trend may be changing: 83% of women between the age of 45 and 49 reported having been infibulated, whereas only 42% between the age of 15 and 19 were subjected to FGM/C. Terre des Femmes notes that FGM/C is practised by all religious and ethnic groups in Djibouti. In 70% cases traditional practitioners perform the cutting; only 20% is accomplished by medical professionals. The most common type of FGM/C is excision.
Djibouti is a multicultural country, thus FGM/C may be practised for different reasons, in different forms at different times depending on the practising family’s ethnicity, social status, region, education and religion.
Practising FGM/C was banned in Djibouti in 1995; Article 333 of the Criminal Code as amended in 2009 outlaws practising FGM. Djibouti acceded to the ICESCR in 2002, to CEDAW in 1998, ratified the CRC in 1990 the Banjul Charter in 1991.