Click here to see the host countries of refugees originating from Latvia.

Bill Bowring


Professor Bowring is a Barrister and academic with research experience in Eastern and Central Europe. He is Professor of Law at Birkbeck College, University of London, where he is also the Director of the LLM/MA in human Rights. As part of the LLM/MA he teaches a course in minority rights, as well as courses at undergraduate and postgraduate level in international law and human rights. He has more than 100 publications including two books and is fluent in Russian. He currently has a number of current cases against Latvia at the ECtHR. For example, his case Sproģe (Širšina) v Latvia (application no.7407/06) was communicated to the Latvian government by the ECtHR on 16 December 2010. Bill Bowring has published in Russian about Latvia in the Moscow journal International Justice. In 2012 and 2013 he was invited to Riga to lecture to the Latvian Committee for Human Rights. 

Prof Richard Mole


Prof. Richard Mole is Professor of Political Sociology at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, UCL. He has an MPhil from Cambridge University and a PhD from the London School of Economics, both in International Relations. He spent extended periods of time studying and working in the USSR and subsequently in Russia and the Baltic States and speaks fluent Russian. His research focuses on homosexuality and homophobia in Russia and the former USSR (especially political homophobia) and migration by LGBT individuals from Russia, the former USSR and Poland to the Germany and the UK. He has provided expert reports on asylum cases made on the basis of ethnicity and sexual orientation.