China – COI

Click here to see the host countries of refugees originating from China.

Dr Elena Consiglio


Elena Consiglio holds a PhD in Law from the University of Palermo. She knows about Chinese legal history and tradition, modernization and reform, and current legal practice. She has lived in China for over one year (2009-2010) and reads and speaks Mandarin. She is prepared to be contacted for expert reports in asylum cases.

Dr Angus Francis


Angus Francis is a practising migration agent and academic in Australia who has experience representing asylum claimants from China. He can assist in locating China Country of Origin Information.

Ms Stephanie Gordon


Ms Gordon’s expertise on China spreads over legal, political and anthropological fields, with particular attention to human rights abuses. In particular, her research focuses on denial of the household registration (hukou). In this context Ms Gordon has researched a broad range of areas regarding human rights abuses in China. This includes, but is not limited to: the family planning policy; hukou denial to children; gangs; infertility; property rights; North Koreans in China; and religious persecution.  As a fluent Mandarin speaker, Ms Gordon researches from English and Chinese sources, and has lived in China for over three years.

Joshua Kurlantzick


Joshua Kurlantzick is Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, where he studies Asian politics, rights, and economics. He also has done extensive work on asylum cases for nationals from Vietnam, Myanmar, the Philippines, Malaysia, Nepal, Thailand, China, Indonesia, and other Northeast, Southeast and South Asian nations. His work has included analyses of the political environment, judiciary, and state of political and civil rights in many South, Southeast, and Northeast Asian countries, as well as assessments of criminal syndicates and trafficking in these states. He has worked with more than ten U.K. firms and multiple U.S. firms on nearly thirty asylum cases. He is the author of five books on Southeast Asian politics, institutions, rights, and economics. Kurlantzick also has been a Visiting Scholar in the China program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a Fellow at the Pacific Council on International Policy, a Columnist for Time, a Special Correspondent for The New Republic, an Asian Correspondent for The Economist, and a Contributing Writer for Mother Jones, among other positions. He has twenty years of experience covering events in Asia, and writing about rights issues in Asia, for a range of periodicals including The New York Times Magazine, Harper’s, Foreign Affairs, The Atlantic Monthly, Rolling Stone, the London Review of Books, The Washington Monthly, The Washington Quarterly,  and Foreign Policy, among others.

More information is available at:

Mr Andrew Lillis

Tel: +86 15 01 01 77 85 55

Andew Lills is a lawyer practicing in Beijing. He has experience representing refugees with UNHCR. He is prepared to be contacted regarding pro bono asylum cases and may be able to assist with Country of Origin Information.

Dr Hoehne Turaeva Rano


The Expert is a Country Expert and academic with extensive fieldwork experience and providing expert reports (100+) for more than 40 firms in the UK, US, Netherlands, and Canada with areas of expertise such as but not limited to:

  • Authentication documents originating from countries of expertise
  • Country reports on the indicated countries of expertise
  • Minority groups, religious groups
  • Political, social and cultural groups: LGBT
  • Organised crime and mafia, state crime
  • Extremist and violent groups, including religious groups
  • Human rights violations
  • Women issues: honour killing
  • Human trafficking
  • Psychiatry and prison conditions
  • Disadvantaged groups e.g. children, minorities, mentally ill, disabled, terminally ill
  • Availability of medical services
  • State structure, military and security services
  • Drug dealing and trafficking

Dr Lili Song


Dr Lili Song studied law in China and New Zealand: LLB (Shanghai University of Finance and Economics), LLM (East China University of Political Science and Law), PhD in Law (Victoria University of Wellington). She is qualified to practice law in China and worked as a lawyer/in-house lawyer for more than three years in Shanghai. She is currently working as a Lecturer in Law at the University of the South Pacific. Her current research areas include Chinese refugee law and policy, Chinese immigration law, and human rights issues in China. She has a particular interest in asylum cases involving trafficked Chinese women. She is willing to assist with China Country of Origin Information.

Suggested starting points for China COI

UNHCR Refworld – China COI page


The European Country of Origin Information Network – China COI page


Australian Refugee Review Tribunal – China COI research information


Internet Freedom

Reporters Without Borders has published a list of 10 “internet enemies”, i.e. countries that actively restrict access to the internet, censor content and pursue and imprison those who upload, contribute and view content which criticises the government. There are corresponding articles detailing the legal obstacles for internet users, and the consequences for those who fall foul of the law. China is on this list.


Click here to view experts on Tibet.


Click here to view experts on Uyghur.